If you are convicted of a criminal offense after a trial (and in certain other circumstances), you have the right to appeal the conviction. If you choose to contest a conviction, you must file the appeal with the appropriate Court Of Appeals. Ohio is divided into twelve appellate districts, and you must file the appeal in the district with jurisdiction for the county where your conviction occurred.
The first step in appealing a conviction is filing a
notice of appeal
. The notice of appeal, as the name implies, informs the trial court and opposing counsel you are appealing your conviction. You must file the notice of appeal, a
, and a request for the trial court to
transmit the record
of the trial level proceedings. You should then order a
of the trial level proceedings.
Many people believe that the appeal is simply another trial, but it’s not. Instead, you file an
, a document in which you argue the conviction should be reversed. In the appellate brief, you typically do not address whether you were guilty or not guilty. Rather, you try to persuade the court of appeals legal errors occurred at the trial level, and, because of those errors, the process was unfair, so the conviction must be reversed. You cannot provide additional evidence; you are only permitted to argue based on what is in the transcript and other records from the trial court.
After you file the appellate brief, the prosecuting attorney files a
arguing the conviction should not be reversed. You may then have the opportunity to file a
to address the prosecutor’s arguments. The case is then scheduled for
. At the oral arguments, both sides have an opportunity to present arguments to a three-judge panel, and the judges have an opportunity to ask questions of both sides.
The appellate judges do not announce the decision at the oral argument. Instead, they research the issues further and discuss it among themselves before making a decision. The decision is announced and explained in a written
decision and opinion
of the appellate court.
If a conviction is reversed by the Court of Appeals, the case goes back to the trial court. Depending on the reason the conviction was reversed, the prosecution may be more difficult the second time. The prosecuting attorney then decides whether to begin the prosecution over.
In addition to the appeal described above (a
), there are other post-sentencing procedures available. Those include a motion for a
, a motion for
(early release for a person sentenced to a prison term for a felony); a motion for
(early release for a person sentenced to a jail term for a misdemeanor);
(release for a person sentenced to prison before July 1, 1996); pardon/clemency (reduction in sentence by the governor's office);
(sealing the record of a first offense or a dismissed charge).
Although the im体育在线直播 has represented many clients for direct appeals and post-sentencing procedures, we typically do not handle these matters now (with the exception of expungements, which we handle regularly). We are providing this information as a service to individuals who are considering appealing a criminal case in Columbus and central Ohio.
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